Classes of fatty acids found in ROSITA Oil
The fatty acids present in Rosita Ratfish Liver Oil™ can be classified as saturated and unsaturated (monounsaturated and polyunsaturated) fatty acids.
Saturated fatty acids
Rosita Ratfish Liver Oil™ contains low levels of different classes of saturated fatty acids. Saturated fats are found in many foods, including olive oil. Saturated fat is not the deadly substance it is often made out to be, and in moderation is okay. In addition, some saturated fatty acids have neutral effects on plasma lipid levels. For example, stearic acid (18:0) present in ROSITA Oil has a similar effect on plasma lipid levels as oleic acid (18:1), which is the main fatty acid present in olive oil.
Monunsaturated fatty acids
Rosita Ratfish Liver Oil™ contains a range of monounsaturated fatty acids, including palmitoleic acid and oleic acid.
Palmitoleic acid is a monounsaturated fatty acid and a well-known omega-7 fatty acid present at high levels in sea buckthorn oil. Research suggests that palmitoleic acid may help support healthy blood pressure levels.
Oleic acid is the most common omega-9 fatty acid. Olive oil is the richest dietary source of this fatty acid. Omega-9 fatty acids help to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Rosita Ratfish Liver Oil™ contains a spectrum of polyunsaturated fatty acids, some of which are described below.
Omega-3 fatty acids
Omega-3 fatty acids have a broad spectrum of potential health benefits associated with their consumption. They are also important structural components of cell membranes.
- Alpha-linolenic acid(ALA) is an essential plant-derived omega-3 fatty acid and the parent compound for the omega-3 series of fatty acids. It is termed an “essential fatty acid” because it cannot be produced by the body, and must therefore be obtained from the diet. The body converts a small percentage of essential fatty acids into other fatty acids known as “essential fatty acid derivatives,” and some of these are used to make various hormone-like substances called eicosanoids.
- Eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are known as the “long-chain” or “marine” omega-3 fatty acids, because they are mainly found in marine sources. Long-chain omega-3 fatty acids also provide the starting point from which some hormones are made, including ones that regulate inflammation, blood pressure and blood clotting. They can also modify gene expression.
- Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) is also a very long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid with possible health supporting effects. Seal oil contains a significant amount of DPA.
Omega-6 fatty acids
Linoleic acid (LA) is also an “essential fatty acid” and the parent compound for the omega-6 series of fatty acids. Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) is a well known fatty acid found mostly in plant-based oils and at high levels in starflower oil (borage oil) and evening primrose oil. It is also present in human breast milk. Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA) is a very uncommon fatty acid, found only in trace amounts in animal products and in human breast milk. It can be converted into hormone like substances called prostaglandins with anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and vasodilatory effects.
There is strong evidence that omega-6 fatty acids help shape healthy cholesterol levels, reduce inflammation, and are protective against coronary heart disease.
Other fatty acids
Rosita Ratfish Liver Oil™ also contains dimethylacetal (DMA). Most fatty acids are acyl-linked to a triglyceride backbone. However, some fatty acids are linked by an alkyl linkage instead, including DMA. These fatty acids are found at high levels in some tissues, particularly those of the neural and visual systems, and may have anti-oxidant activity.